Aranaputa information

Aranaputa Valley secures vital peanut-butter market

From Guyana Chronicle 13 March, 2010


RESIDENTS of Aranaputa Valley in the North Rupununi last Wednesday participated in the formal opening of a modern peanut processing factory in the village. The project was successfully completed by the Government of Canada in collaboration with the Government of Guyana, through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).


Village Profile




No of house holds







English ,Makushi ,Wapishana,Portuguese


Tour guide ,mason , carpenters ,tailor ,seamstress ,brick makers ,businesspersons ,farmers ,livestock rearers.


Full-gospel ,Seventh day Adventist , Anglican , Jehovah witnesses

Community assets

Tractor, brush cutter, computers, solar system, peanut factory.


Teachers ,tour guides ,health worker ,nurses ,cooks ,business persons ,masons, carpentry ,farmers,

Economic activities

Tourism ,farming, hunting ,fishing ,logging ,peanut butter manufacturing ,cattle rearing ,private business enterprise ,


Schools ,health post ,resource centre ,multi-purpose centre ,peanut factory ,bus stop, teachers quarter ,wildlife hut ,churches ,tourism cabins ,

Local organization

Wildlife club, sports club, tourism committee, sewing group, women processors group, churches, PTFA.








Two key elderly informants were used to gather this information, a Makushi resident and a coastlander resident.

The name Aranaputa comes from the Makushi for 'burnt up' (as related in the Makushipe Komanto Iseru book). On three separate occasions someone or something was burnt up in the northern area of Aranaputa village. Firstly an old lady burnt up in her house when she tried to rescue some of her belongings from her burning house. On the second occasion, a house with animals inside got burnt up and on the third occasion, a young girl child pulled a kerosene lamp on to her and was burnt up. These burnings always took place at the back of the village where today you can see plenty of banga trees which are said to grow where there have been burning.

Amerindian people have been living in this area for a long time. On one of Aranaputa Mountains, there are pots containing the bones of Amerindian people who lived in the valley before the forefathers of the current Amerindian residents came to live here. The bones have Amerindian beads and decorations and one contained a coin showing the head of Queen Victoria. In the 1940's there were Amerindian residents who still had the old-style traditional names; one resident was called 'Kade' which means Ibis. The Amerindian residents of the area were very mobile and with different families coming in to live for a time and then moving on and new families coming in; this mobility of the Amerindian population continues to a lesser extent today. At the time of the demarcation of the plots for the settlement, more than half the families actually living in the valley were Amerindian. In 1958, when the surveying took place, there was a meeting of Commissioners in the valley. They did not want the Amerindians living between the coastlanders and the Amerindians were encouraged to move to the areas designated Amerindian reservations. If anybody wished to stay in the Aranaputa area, they would have to start paying a lease on their plot of land and consequently many Amerindian families moved out of the area. Of the families listed on the original plan drawn up in 1958, 9 families are still present in Aranaputa, 4 Makushi, 4 Afro-Guyanaese (now mixed), 1 mixed Portuguese. Since that time many other Amerindian families have come to settle in Aranaputa, often to work for the Coastlander families.

In 1940, there were 3-4 coastlander families living in the area, 3 of Portuguese origin and 1 Afro-Guyanese, these were ranching and some were also growing tobacco. Amerindian families were always living in the area but different families came and went. In 1958, when Mr. Pollard, the Government Surveyor, came, he based the plots measured out on the homesteads already occupied by residents. People could then apply for the land they were living on and any other land they wished to lease, if they could afford or were prepared to pay the fee of (at that time) $5 per year. There used to be higher bush around on the mountains but in the areas where large fields were cleared for the commercial crops (tobacco, peanuts), there is less high bush and less bush altogether.





Cassava(bitter and sweet)



Sweet potato



Pine apple









  • Has a great connection with Global Fund –which going to make a great chance for a modern lab and a place where people can be able to have jobs.

  • Easier links and access to Georgetown with road passing through.

  • Ideally located for investment because of leases available through the Lands and Surveys department

  • Development of industrial centers.

  • Community members have skills such as, entrepreneurship, building, lumbering, craft making.

  • Strengthening ties with NRDDB-

  • Trained teachers in school –the primary school has three trained teachers, the nursery has one


  • Lack cooperation-

  • The community is the only community where members have leases which are intended for development, mostly agriculture and housing in the north.

  • The slothfulness of the local government system in failing to address the needs of the residents desires to become a NDC.

  • Lack of communication-limited internet access, limited telephone access and it’s hard to make emergencies calls.



  • The community has some natural sites such as a waterfall and places that is accessible for mountain tours this has been attracting tourists to the community. If developed properly this can be a major source of income and jobs in the community.

  • The community is noted for its production of peanuts and value added peanut butter. With networking this is being developed into a recognized supply of tasty gourmet type of peanut butter.

  • The community lands are known to be one of the richest for agriculture in Region 9. Other types of crops can be grown and allow this community to become the breadbasket of the North Rupununi



  • Rustling of livestock-this can be seen as one of the biggest threats faced by the residents of the community.

  • Traffic-this is another thing that is serious since there are many people with buses and motorbike all going at a really high speed which can lead to accidents and deaths

  • Youths getting involved in negative activities.

  • Lack of job opportunities

  • The community lies on the road to Georgetown and may be susceptible to HIV/AIDS and trafficking in persons


Development Plans


General Community Development plan

  • -education

  • -Health

  • -Agriculture

  • -Recreation (Sports)

  • -Security

  • -Communication

  • -Economic opportunities



  • Need adequate staff in school (teachers)-so that every class will be able to have more attention and can always have work to keep them occupied and studies can go on.

  • Have a vibrant plan in place so that the young people can be able to access tertiary education and have the opportunity to further their education.

  • Have equipment i.e. computers so that information technology can be taught in school

  • Have a special class and teacher for those students who are slow learners in school

  • Have a library in the community where students, teachers and others in the community can be able to do research.

  • Will have an installment of internet service in school, so that students and teachers can be able to do research.


  • Must be able to have a cottage hospital built within the community and adequate staff to work.

  • Build a malaria camp/construction of state of the art/modern libratory, where testing of HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria can be done and have local people train to work as lab technician etc.

  • Ensure that medication is available at all times in the health post.

  • Have an assistant to the health worker who would be able to work when health worker is on leave or at any health forum.

  • Have a well trained nurse station at the health post.




  • What is expected to be seen happen in the community in the next year or so under the agriculture section?

  • Have agriculture as a business.

  • Introduce agriculture in school—effort will be made to re-introduce agriculture in the community school.

  • Have market in place for agriculture produces.

  • Must be able to bring back a vibrant production of agriculture in the crop and live stock section.

  • Have a viable seed material for farmers-in order to encourage production, high quality seed will be distributed to all households with special emphasis to the most vulnerable, the low income families. New and young developing families will also be prioritized. These vegetables seeds and fruits plants will be distributed freely to everyone while seeds for commercial crops such peanut and peas will be issued out o a credit basis until after the crops were have been harvested, ensuring that there is supply of seed material for new families or those who may have suffer loses. Effort would be made to acquire new and afforded higher yielding varieties from all available sources.

  • Be able to provide farmers with pesticides –pesticides will be available at a low cost to farmers who can afford it, where as those farmers who cannot afford to purchase it will receive free of cost.

  • Farming implementswill is made available all at low price, cutlass, hoe, forks, file, and rake etc…A move to establish a farm to shop in sight.

  • Land preparation –have a plan in place so that farmers can be able to get their land plough, chip and ready to plant.

  • Farm roads – in other for massive agriculture to go on, the farm road which runs to the fertile kuribu backland will be improved in a 5 step plan to make it accessible throughout the year; with the large creeks being bridge to permit vehicles to bring out produce from farm.

  • Extension services –have an extension officer to give advice to farmers on problems encounter on their farms.





  • Plan to have a well organized sports complex, catering for all types of sports such as foot ball, cricket, athletics, volley ball, etc .where people can be able to have an entertaining, enjoyable and relaxing time.

  • Use sports as a way of disciplining young people and also as a way of educating them.


  • A community policing group will be established to assist to do preventative and basic law control activities



  • Maintain the HF radio system, which is in the community.

  • Have an internet system set up in the community so that students and teachers can be able to do research and also others can be able to communicate with the family abroad etc.

  • Have access to cell phones in the community so that communication would be effective.

Economic opportunities


  • Agriculture is one of the major income generations and is also practice at a subsistent level by most farmers in the community. These products are then sold to the local business people and also to the peanut butter factory.

  • Logging-cutting lumber: the community now has a concession from the Guyana Forestry Commission for logging. Some residents do logging as a mean of earning money to maintain their family .there are others who make crafts from local materials such as: mocroo, nibbi etc.

  • Livestock: -Some residents rear livestock such as: cattle, sheep, chicken (poultry) as a mean of domestic use and as income generation.

  • Tourism: this is another economic activity within the community .tourism also is one of the means of income generation for the community and it creates job for residents.

Priority Projects:

Following are the way for development to progress in the community:

  • Agriculture :

  • Health: construct a modern lab to do testing on malaria, HIV/AIDS, TB etc.

  • Improve farm road.



Annual development plan for 2010:

  • Project





    Improving agriculture production.

    Bring back a vibrant production of agriculture in the community.

    Purchase seeds and fruit plants, weedy sides, and pesticides.

    Preparation of land for farms.

    Distribution of seeds and fruit plants to residents.


    All times.

    The community democratic council will arrange for all seed materials and pesticides etc.

    Will use the factory to process agriculture produces and sell them.


    Construction of state of the art laboratory

    To have ability to conduct tests for HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Dengue TB and other illnesses

    Train two local persons as a microscopist and lab technician to work in the libratory

    Have the lab build and have all equipment in the lab.

    Then proceed with the duty/job.







    For all year round



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